Alan Turing Enamel Pin
Alan Turing Enamel Pin
Alan Turing Enamel Pin

Alan Turing Enamel Pin

Regular price
$14.00
Sale price
$14.00
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Black Nickle, Soft Enamel, Card Stock, Enamel Pin

Alan Turing was an English computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptoanalyst, philosopher and theoretical biologist.
He was highly influential in the development of theoretical computer science, providing a formalization of the concepts of algorithm and computation with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer. Turing is widely considered to be the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence.

Turing devised a number of techniques for speeding the breaking of German ciphers, including improvements to the pre-war Polish bomb method, an electro-mechanical machine that could find settings for the Enigma machine. Turing played a pivotal role in cracking intercepted coded messages that enabled the Allies to defeat the Nazis in many crucial engagements, including the Battle of the Atlantic, and in so doing helped win the war.

Turing was prosecuted in 1952 for homosexual acts, when by the Labouchere Amendment, "gross indecency" was still criminal in the UK. He accepted chemical castration treatment, with DES, as an alternative to prison. 

Turing died in 1954, 16 days before his 42nd birthday, from cyanide poisoning. An inquest determined his death as suicide. In 2009, following an Internet campaign, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown made an official public apology on behalf of the British government for "the appalling way he was treated." Queen Elizabeth II granted him a posthumous pardon in 2013. The Alan Turing law is now an informal term for a 2017 law in the United Kingdom that retroactively pardoned men cautioned or convicted under historical legislation that outlawed homosexual acts.

Celebrate the life of Alan Turing with this soft enamel pin in Black and white + butterfly clasp + coordinating backer card.